Otto Lilienthal 德國滑翔機之王

Lilienthal's Glider 李林塔爾滑翔機


Lilienthal's Glider 李林塔爾滑翔機

Lilienthal's Glider 李林塔爾滑翔機

Size (mm): Wingspan: 182 Length: 215

「如鳥一般飛行」 是人類自古以來的夢想。從伊卡洛斯蠟和羽毛翅膀的神話、到達文西巧妙卻未實現的飛行器,人類飛上青天一直是個難以捉摸的夢想。想像一個陽光燦爛的無雲早晨,一小群人站在普魯士人造山的山腳下,而為此而生 50 英尺的山頂上有個男人傲然站立,他的肩膀上裝著由木頭和帆布製成的怪異翼狀裝置——接著他迎著風向加速跑了幾英尺,起飛了!雖然英國科學家喬治·凱利爵士在1853 年首次進行載人滑翔機飛行,但奧托·李林塔爾才是世界上公認的第一個成功飛行員,在他1896年墜機去世前,完成了 2000 多次安全飛行。在這些非凡飛行前的幾年,李林塔爾研究過鳥類的飛行和它們的翅膀結構,來探討如何比空氣重的物體飛起來,並在1889出版《鳥類飛行:航空的基礎》。他的深入與細膩研究影響了後世的飛行家萊特兄弟,他的死亡更進一步的激勵萊特兄弟行動起來飛上天際。

“To fly like a bird,” has been a dream of humankind since ancient times. From the cautionary tale of Icarus, with his wings of feathers and wax, to the ingenious flying machines of Leonardo da Vinci, the reality of human flight remained an elusive dream.

Imagine then, being one of a small group of people gathered at the base of a man-made hill in Prussia (Germany), on a sunny cloudless morning. At the top of the 50 ft hill stands a man wearing an unusual winged contraption upon his shoulders. Taking note of the wind direction and velocity, he runs forward a few feet and then—the man, incredibly, is flying!

Though British scientist and inventor Sir George Cayley is credited with the first manned glider flight in 1853, the Prussian Otto Lilienthal is regarded as the world’s first successful aviator, completing over 2,000 safe flights before his death as a result of a crash in 1896. Years before these remarkable flights Lilienthal devoted himself to the problem of heavier-than-air flight by first studying the flight of birds and the structure of their wings, resulting in the seminal book “Bird Flight as the Basis of Aviation,” published in 1889.

The meticulous research provided by Lilienthal to future aviators became a great inspiration for Wilbur and Orville Wright, while his tragic death galvanised them into action.

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