天際線,千變萬化

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Supermarine Spitfire 噴火戰鬥機

空事中

Supermarine Spitfire

Supermarine Spitfire 噴火戰鬥機

噴火戰鬥機是第二次世界大戰中最知名的英國戰機之一。共生產超過 20000 架、有 20 多個改造型號,它也是唯一一架持續在戰爭期間製造的英國戰鬥機。它是由超級馬林公司首席設計師 R. J. Mitchell 設計的短程阻截飛機,在幾次失敗的設計嘗試後,最終形態擁有優雅流暢的線條和半橢圓形機翼,並且搭載當時最新的勞斯萊斯 V12 引擎,也就是後來的隼式引擎。同時,它的原型機也是第一架擁有可伸縮起落架的飛機。

經過簡短的測試階段後,空軍訂購了 310 架噴火戰鬥機,而在克服了製造困難後,MkI 噴火戰鬥機被交到皇家空軍手中。在不列顛戰役期間,許多的颶風戰機擔任攻擊轟炸機的角色,而噴火戰鬥機在和德國用於護衛轟炸機的 Bf109 之間的戰鬥中脫穎而出。

整個戰爭過程中,噴火戰鬥機持續升級機翼、機身、武器,還將引擎從早期的 1,000 馬力一路加強,到戰爭結束時,它的引擎馬力已經超過 2,300。多功能的噴火戰鬥機適用各種戰略角色,例如高空攔截、戰鬥轟炸、照相偵查、甚至改造成為艦載機海火式戰鬥機。 

Supermarine Spitfire

空氣動力外型

Tab/Slot assembly

Hi-precision router-cut parts

Detailed assembly instructions

No tools or glue required

Supermarine Spitfire 噴火戰鬥機

The Supermarine Spitfire is the most famous British aircraft of World War II. Over 20,000 were built, with over 20 variants. It is also the only British fighter to be manufactured continuously for the duration of the war.

The Spitfire, built by Supermarine Aviation Works, was designed as a short-range interceptor aircraft by chief designer R. J. Mitchell. After several setbacks the resulting prototype (K5054), had the graceful flowing lines and semi-elliptical wings of later Spitfires and was powered by the newly developed Rolls Royce V12 engine, later known as the “Merlin.” The prototype was also one of the first aircraft to have retractable landing gear. After brief testing, an order for 310 Spitfires was placed by the Air Ministry. Once the many manufacturing difficulties were overcome, Mk I Spitfire deliveries to the RAF (Royal Air Force) began. Spitfires first distinguished themselves during the Battle of Britain by countering bomber escorts such as the Bf 109’s, while the more numerous Hawker Hurricanes attacked the bombers.

Throughout the war the Spitfire had continuous upgrades to its wings, fuselage, armament and especially, engines—from just over 1,000 hp in the early models, to over 2,300 hp by war’s end. The versatile Spitfire was also adapted to specific roles such as high-altitude Interceptor, Fighter-Bomber, Photo Reconnaissance, and even carrier-based fighter (Seafire). 

天際線,千變萬化

Supermarine Spitfire

噴火戰鬥機(Spitfire)是二戰時英國最重要也最具代表性的戰鬥機之一,擁有優美的氣動外形,經過多次的進化擁有多種改型,與德國Bf 109並列為歐洲戰區代表性的兩大機種,它們在整個二戰期間難分軒輊。

噴火戰鬥機(Spitfire)是二戰時英國最重要也最具代表性的戰鬥機之一,擁有優美的氣動外形,經過多次的進化擁有多種改型,與德國Bf 109並列為歐洲戰區代表性的兩大機種,它們在整個二戰期間難分軒輊。


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